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Title: A Sequential Pummerer-Diels-Alder Route for the Generation and Trapping of Furo[3,4-c]pyridines: Synthesis of Heterocyclic Analogues of 1-Arylnaphthalene Lignans
Authors: Sarkar, T K
Panda, Niranjan
Basak, S
Issue Date: 2003
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Citation: Journal of Organic Chemistry, Vol 68, Iss 18, P 6919-6927
Abstract: The Pummerer reaction of an o-benzoyl-substituted pyridylmethyl sulfoxide generates an -thiocarbocation, the interception of which by a neighboring keto functionality produces an -thio-substituted furo[3,4-c]pyridine as transient intermediate; the latter undergoes a Diels-Alder cycloaddition with an added dienophile. Base-induced ring opening of the cycloadduct followed by aromatization gives an isoquinoline derivative that may be looked upon as a heterocyclic analogue of 1-arylnaphthalene lignans. This procedure occurs readily with electron-poor dienophiles and the entire sequence can be run in one pot. The facility of the sequential Pummerer-Diels-Alder reaction hinges on the experimental conditions, the best results being obtained with heptafluorobutyric anhydride as the triggering agent in toluene containing a catalytic amount of p-toluenesulfonic acid. In the absence of a dienophile it is possible to isolate and characterize a rather unstable furo[3,4-c]pyridine derivative. An intramolecular variant of this protocol is also feasible with use of unactivated alkenyl tethers of variable length; however, the bridged cycloadducts are unisolable in these cases as they undergo spontaneous ring opening and aromatization to yield cycloalka[h]isoquinolines. The usefulness of the sequential Pummerer-Diels-Alder reaction is further demonstrated through the synthesis of a heterolignan with a built-in lactone ring via oxidation of the initial [4+2]-cycloadduct followed by extrusion of phenyl sulfinate and elaboration of the resulting hydoxylated isoquinoline derivative
Description: Copyright for the published version belongs to American Chemical Society
URI: S0022-3263(03)04408-6
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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