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Title: Effect of carbonization temperatures on biochar formation of bamboo leaves
Authors: Pattnaik, D
Kumar, S
Bhuyan, S. K
Mishra, S. C
Keywords: Carbonizationon on biochar
Bamboo leaves
Biochar formation
Issue Date: Dec-2017
Citation: 7th National Conference on Processing and Characterization of Materials (NCPCM 2017), NIT Rourkela, Odisha, India, 08 - 09 December, 2017.
Abstract: Bamboo is a typical plant native in Asia, been used in many sectors, which also produces a large volume of leaves which goes waste and not find its application for any useful purposes; is often considered as a bio-waste and normally incinerated or dumped; as its applications are not yet fully explored. However, some research work done on bamboo fibers for use as a reinforcement in making polymer matrix composite. In the present piece of research work, the influence of burning/carbonization of bamboo leaves (at different temperatures) have been studied and characterized. Proximate analysis gave the fixed carbon content (of ~nearly21%). X-Ray diffraction results revealed the presence of various phases viz. cristobalite (SiO2), Calcite (Ca2O3) etc. accompanied with changes in crystal structures. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy results showed various modes of vibrations viz. O-H stretching bending of other bonds; (for aromatic benzene derivatives) etc. Scanning Electron Microscopic observation (of morphology) showed irregular stacking arrangements between the randomly spaced lamellae structure, with variation in carbonizing temperature. Results revealed the advantages of pyrolysis process in biochar production/formation. It appears that, the bamboo biochar can have suitable properties for its use as an alternative energy source and also for agricultural applications. Its high porosity and carbon content suggest its application as activated carbon also; after physical or chemical treatments. The present research focuses on extending the frontiers of use of bamboo leaves from being an unutilized bio-waste to its conversion into a value added product, which can be compassed in terms of sustainable applications.
Description: Copyright of this document belongs to proceedings publisher.
Appears in Collections:Conference Papers

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