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Title: Physico-Chemical Characteristics of Airborne Particulate Matter in and around a Mechanised Opencast Coal Mine – A Case Study
Authors: Tripathy, Debi Prasad
Dash, T. R
Keywords: Respirable dust
Issue Date: Oct-2017
Citation: 2nd International Conference on Pollution Control and Sustainable Environment, London, UK, 05 - 06 October, 2017
Abstract: Air pollution is a major risk to health in many developed and developing countries of the world. Most of the pulmonary diseases related to air pollution are generally directly or indirectly related to the respirable particulate matter (PM10). Further the health impacts depends on the physical and chemical characteristic of the particulate matter. Mining industries produces huge amount of dust by drilling, blasting, transportation, loading, unloading and mine fires. Now-a-days in India, coal mining is mainly done by opencast methods rather than underground, which generates huge quantities of respirable dust. This paper focuses on the physico-chemical characterisation of particulate matter (PM10 and PM 2.5) in and around mechanized opencast coal mines of Talcher coalfields (Mahanadi Coalfield Limited), Odisha, India. The study was carried out for a period of one year from March 2015 to February 2016. The monitoring of particulate concentration reveals that the concentration of both PM10 and PM2.5 levels were far above the standard limit of NAAQS, 2009. The trace metal study by atomic absorption spectrophotometer (AAS) indicated the presence of Fe, Cu, Cr, Zn, Ni, Cd, Pb, As, Se and Hg in the samples. For the qualitative analysis, techniques like Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and XRD were used. Source apportionment study of particulate matter was also carried out based on the characterization. Statistical analysis such as correlation analysis and Principle Component Analysis (PCA) was also carried out. Different studies on the particulate matter suggested that monitoring stations near the mining area were mainly affected by the emission from opencast coal mining and its associated activities.
Description: Copyright of this article is with proceedings publisher.
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