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Title: Biochar, a substitute for fossil fuels
Authors: Supriya, A
Samantray, R
Mishra, S C
Keywords: Coco peat (coir dust)
Issue Date: Mar-2017
Publisher: IOP Publishing
Citation: IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, Volume 178, conference 1
Abstract: The present piece of research is envisaged for the possibilities and usefulness of coco peat (coir dust) which is generally not considered for usefulness. Pyrolysis of coco peat was done at two different temperatures to obtain biochars and their properties were investigated. Proximate analysis gave the fixed carbon content which gave a good value for the required purpose. Characterization techniques like Scanning Electron Microscopy, X-Ray Diffraction and Fourier Transform Infra-Red Spectroscopy were employed. It was observed that depending on the pyrolysis temperature and conditions, new substances formed, the diffraction peaks changed and also there were major changes in functional groups. The cross-links were found to disintegrate with increasing temperature. The peaks unveiled the presence of silicon carbide in the biochar pyrolysed at 1000ºC. The change in the functional groups with increase in temperature manifested higher aromaticity which is an important attribute of fuels viz. petroleum, etc. Thus the present investigation can open up a new era for processing biochar from unutilized biowaste for its use as an alternative to fossil fuels.
Description: Copyright for this paper belongs to proceeding pubisher
Appears in Collections:Conference Papers

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