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Title: Flexural behaviour of CNT-filled glass/epoxy composites in an in-situ environment emphasizing temperature variation
Authors: Prusty, R K
Rathore, D K
Shukla, M J
Ray, B C
Keywords: Polymer-matrix composites (PMCs)
Mechanical properties
Environmental degradation
Carbon nanotube
Issue Date: Dec-2015
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Composites Part B: Engineering Volume 83, 15 December 2015, Pages 166–174
Abstract: The paucity of structural defects in carbon nanotube (CNT) with unrivalled mechanical properties has always posed an interest to material scientists for its potential incorporation in soft polymer resins to achieve superior mechanical stability. Present investigation focuses on the assessment of flexural behaviour of glass/epoxy (GE) and multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) embedded glass/epoxy (0.3 wt. % of epoxy) (CNT-GE) composites at different in-service environmental temperatures. In-situ 3-point bend tests were performed on GE and CNT-GE composites at −80 °C, −40 °C, room temperature (20 °C), 70 °C and 110 °C temperatures at 1 mm/min crosshead speed. The results revealed that at 110 °C temperature, the flexural strength of GE and CNT-GE composites was significantly decreased by 67% and 81% respectively in comparison to their strength at −80 °C temperature. Similarly, 38% and 77% decrement in modulus was noted for GE and CNT-GE composites respectively. Dynamic mechanical thermal analysis (DMTA) was carried out in the temperature range of −100 °C to 200 °C to correlate the mechanical and thermo-mechanical response of both the material systems. Addition of 0.3 wt. % MWCNT in GE composite resulted in lowering of glass transition temperature (Tg) by 12 °C. Furthermore, to understand various possible deformation and failure mechanisms, the post failure analysis of the fractured specimens, tested at different temperatures, was carried out using scanning electron microscope (SEM). The critical parameters needed during designing composite structures were calculated and modelled using Weibull constitutive model.
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