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dc.contributor.authorSethi, S-
dc.contributor.authorRay, B C-
dc.identifier.citationS. Kalia and S.-Y. Fu (eds.), Polymers at Cryogenic Temperatures, Page-59-113en
dc.descriptionCopyright belongs to Springeren
dc.description.abstractHigh specific strength, stiffness, excellent environmental fatigue resistance and low weight remain the winning alliance that impels fibrous composite materials into new arenas, but other properties are also equally important. Fibrous reinforced plastics (FRPs) offer good vibrational damping and a low coefficient of thermal expansion, characteristics that can be engineered for specialized applications.Commercial composites are used in large markets such as automotive components, boats, consumer goods, and corrosion-resistant industrial parts. Advanced composites, initially developed for military aerospace applications, offer performance superior to that of conventional structural metals and now find applications in satellites, aircraft, and sporting goods and in the energy sector in oil and gas exploration and wind turbine constructions. Cryogenic applications of polymeric fiber composites are mainly in superconductivity, space technology, and handling of liquefied gases. By contrast, because of the heterogeneous nature and anisotropic behavior of FRPs, a structural designer faces challenges in predicting the integrity and durability of FRP laminates during service periods. Polymer composites soften, creep, and distort when heated to high temperatures (>100 C), accompanied by collapse of free volume as the molecular adjustments take place. This can result in buckling and failure of load-bearing composites structures. Severe environmental exposure affects the physical and mechanical properties of polymeric composite materials, resulting in an undesirable degradation and damage.en
dc.format.extent1314795 bytes-
dc.subjectPolymer matrix compositeen
dc.subjectCryogenic temperatureen
dc.subjectFailure anden
dc.subjectDamage and degradationen
dc.subjectMechanical propertiesen
dc.subjectScanning electronen
dc.titleMechanical Behavior of Polymer Composites at Cryogenic Temperaturesen
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