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Title: Effect of Sintering Temperature on Phase-Formation Behavior and Mechanical Properties of Silica Ceramics Prepared from Rice Husk Ash
Authors: Nayak, J P
Bera, J
Keywords: silica;
amorphous materials;
crystallization temperature;
phase ransformations;
mechanical properties
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Citation: Phase Transitions ,Vol. 82, No. 12, December 2009, 879–888
Abstract: Silica ceramics were prepared using three types of raw materials derived from rice husk. Cleaned husk and acid-leached husk were burned at 700C to get brown ash (BA) and white ash, respectively. The third type was silica gel (SG) derived from BA through the alkaline extraction of silica from ash followed by acid neutralization. Granulated powders were pressed and pellets were sintered at 700–1400C range. Phase-formation behavior, densification characteristics, and mechanical strength of ceramics were investigated and correlated with microstructural features. Ceramics made of SG showed the highest density and mechanical strength among all. All the ceramics were initially amorphous and transformed into crystalline silica above a specific sintering temperature. Microstructure shows the formation of cracks in the ceramics when they contain cristobalite phases. Amorphous-to-crystalline phase transformation temperature in different types of silica source was dependent on the amount of impurity and residual hydroxyl group content.
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