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Title: Solid State Synthesis of Al-based Al-Si-Ni Amorphous and/or Nanostructured Materials
Authors: Mula, S
Sahani, P
Mohakud, P S
Issue Date: 2009
Citation: 63 National Metallurgists' Day- Annual Technical Meeting, Indian Institute of Metals, Kolkata, 16 November, 2009
Abstract: An attempt was made to synthesize Al-alloy based Al-Si-Ni amorphous and/or nanostructures by mechanical alloying (MA). The Al-Si-Ni alloys containing 14 to 25 % Si and 8 to 25 % Ni was known to generate amorphous phase by rapid solidification processing. Elemental powders of Al,Si and Ni (purity Ni ≥ 99.8%, Al ≥ 99.7%, Si ≥ 98.5%) having an average particle size <70 μm were blended to obtain nominal composition of Al75Si15Ni10, Al70Si20Ni10, Al65Si25Ni10, Al70Si15Ni15, Al65Si20Ni15, Al78Si14Ni8 and Al50Si25Ni25. Mechanical alloying was carried out in a Fritsch high energy planetary ball mill using Cr-steel grinding media at 300 r.p.m. up to 50 h.Toluene was used as the process control agent. The ball to powder weight ratio was maintained at 10:1. The microstructural characterization of the milled powder was followed by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The particle size distribution of the 50 h milled samples was carried out using a nano zeta sizer (NZS). Percentage transmittance of the milled sample was evaluated using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Partial amorphous structure was obtained in Al75Si15Ni10 and Al70Si20Ni10, whereas, Al-rich solid solution was observed in Al65Si25Ni10,Al70Si15Ni15 and Al65Si20Ni15. Predominantly crystalline structure with intermetallic phases was observed in terminal compositions of Al78Si14Ni8 and Al50Si25Ni25. SEM micrographs showed that the powder morphology was changed from coarse layered structure obtained by very short period of milling to finer as the milling time increased.
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